November 18th, 2022
With a slow Thanksgiving week just ahead, investors had their hands full this week contending with a series of key economic reports and a parade of Fed official speeches. Tuesday’s producer price report confirmed the softening trend in inflation seen in last week’s CPI report. This initially launched markets higher on the belief that “peak inflation” has now passed. Wednesday brought added optimism when retail sales posted a surprisingly strong print as shoppers got an early start to the holiday shopping season and as diners continued frequenting their local establishments. Even a weak home sales report failed to dent investors’ attitudes despite sales declining for the ninth straight month. Last week’s strong rally prompted numerous Fed officials to emphasize in their speeches this week the necessity for the Fed to maintain a prolonged restrictive posture even though progress appears to have been made on the inflation front. While the remarks took some of the shine off the bulls’ “pivot” case, their comments probably failed to achieve their intended effect with the Dow little changed on the week.
Producer Prices Chill
Producer prices cooled for the second straight month, adding to signs we have seen the peak in inflationary pressures. The producer price index, which generally reflects supply conditions in the economy, rose 8.00% in October from the year ago period. That’s down from September’s revised 8.40% increase and down sharply from the March peak of 11.70%. The March peak was the highest since records began in 2010. On a monthly basis, PPI increased 0.20% in October, matching September’s 0.20% rise. Core prices, which exclude food, energy, and supplier margins, rose 0.2% in October from a month earlier, down from a revised 0.3% in September. On a 12-month basis, core PPI eased to 5.4%, down from 5.6% in both September and August. October’s report reflected a broad-based slowdown in gains for goods prices, with declines for passenger cars and household furniture reflecting improvement in supply chains while higher interest rates reduced demand for household goods. Big buyers, like Walmart, cancelling orders, resisting price increases, and asking for discounts also helped push prices lower during the month. Overall, it was good to see producer prices continuing to ease during the month. However, at an annualized 8.00%, producer prices still remain elevated and should keep the Fed’s restrictive monetary policy firmly in place.
A Tale of Two Consumers
It has been widely expected that the Fed’s tightening would ultimately take a toll on consumer demand, however, retail sales got an unexpected boost from Mother Nature in October. Hurricane Ian disaster preparation and remediation, along with a spending surge from mid and high-income households, managed to offset weakness from lower income households. Retail sales rose 1.30% in October compared to a flat reading in September. Core retail sales, which exclude gasoline, food, autos, and building materials, rose a robust 0.70% during the month. The figure got strong lift from demand for cars, up 1.50% as consumers replaced an estimated 70,000 vehicles due to damage from Hurricane Ian. Consumers also got a jump on the holiday shopping season, taking advantage of early discounts retailers were offering to clear out inventory ahead of the holiday season. Ecommerce sales rose 1.20%, driven by Amazon’s Prime Day in October and competing retail sales events. Socializing remained popular during the month with sales at restaurants and bars up 1.60%. Much of the retail sales growth has been driven by demand from higher income households while it was formerly being driven by lower income households. According to Bank of America, lower income households contributed just one fifth of the growth in discretionary spending, compared with around two fifths back in October 2021. Lower income households are the most negatively impacted by inflation, which is something the Fed is acutely aware of and yet another reason to believe they will remain restrictive until they are sure they have snuffed inflationary pressures.
Fed Hikes Put the Housing Market on Ice
High mortgage rates and tight inventory continued to hit the housing market in October. Existing home sales slipped for the ninth straight month, falling -5.9%. That is the slowest pace since December 2011, with the exception of a brief drop at the beginning of the Covid pandemic. Inventories remained tight with just 1.22 million homes for sale at the end of October, down 1.00% both month-to-month and year-over-year. At the current level, that reflects a 3.3-month supply. Historically, a balanced market is considered to be a six- to seven-month supply. Tight supply also means higher prices with the price of an existing home sold in October rising 6.60% year over year to $379,100. However, prices look set to trend lower as the Fed’s hikes have pushed up mortgage rates to 7.00%. Normally, you’d think higher interest rates would reduce demand and make this more of a buyer’s market, but the extremely tight supply has offset that trend by continuing to support prices and keeping this a seller’s market.
This week’s final thoughts are virtually identical to those we shared last week – but validated by the fact the Fed took to the airwaves this week cautioning markets that a pivot is not likely to occur as soon as expected. The Fed is not done, and the terminal Fed funds level is likely to exceed what the market is expecting. Inflation data, while cooling, is not cool and in fact is still quite hot in some areas. The market has applauded the deceleration in price increases seen in the CPI and again in the PPI reading this week, but it is choosing to ignore many of the demand factors positively influencing inflation which continue to remain strong. The proof for that lies in this week’s retail sales figures, which were strong, and labor market readings, where this week’s weekly jobless claims continue to hover around the low end of average. One must believe Jerome Powell is entirely bewildered or infuriated by the market’s reaction lately because the wealth effect complicates the Fed’s job. Greater wealth leads to greater spending, which can lead to greater inflation and the Fed needing to raise rates even higher. Markets almost always overreact in the short-run and sadly, the market’s response to a potential pivot may be the very thing that prevents the Fed from actually doing so.
The Week Ahead
It’s hard to believe the Thanksgiving holiday is here! In observance, the next edition of our market commentary will be published on December 2nd with the latest nonfarm payroll figures and global manufacturing numbers.
10 Year End Reminders
As we approach the end of the year, below are some planning steps you may wish to consider to keep your financial plan on track and be prepared for 2023. Because everyone’s financial situation is unique and because this is not a comprehensive list of all financial and tax planning strategies, please consult your tax advisor and your financial advisor for guidance concerning your specific circumstances.
1. Make workplace retirement contributions. If your employer offers a 401(k), 403(b) or 457 plan, contribute the maximum amount you can afford and be sure to take advantage of any matching contributions from your employer. The current annual contribution limit is $20,500 (plus an additional $6,500 catch-up contribution for anyone who is age 50 or over). Your contributions will benefit from tax-deferred compounded growth.
2. Contribute to your personal IRA. You have until April 15, 2023, to make your IRA contributions for 2022. Traditional IRA limits are at $6,000 if you’re under 50. If you are older than 50, you can contribute $7,000. If you are a business owner, consider contributing to a SEP IRA or Solo 401(k). The amount that can be contributed in a SEP (Simplified Employee Pension) IRA or Solo 401(k) is the lesser of 25% of compensation or $61,000 in 2022.
3. Use Tax loss harvesting. U.S. taxpayers can offset $3,000 of investment losses against their taxable income, or even carry the loss forward to a future tax-return. These losses can offset investment gains as well. There are a number of rules and limitations, so speak with an advisor to determine if this might be a strategy for you.
4. Make a charitable donation. Charitable donations can help reduce your tax burden, but there are rules that must be met in order to take the tax deduction. Contributions must be made to what the IRS deems as “qualified organizations.” Consider donating appreciated stock to charity which may allow you to avoid capital gains taxes and provide an income tax deduction.
5. Save for a rainy day. The rule of thumb for how much to save in an emergency fund is typically six to nine months of living expenses. If you are getting a year-end bonus, it might be a good idea to put that away for any unexpected events or emergencies that may arise.
6. Readdress investment goals. There’s nothing like starting off the new year on good financial footing. Consider taking another look at your short- and long-term investment goals, your overall contributions, and your portfolio allocations to verify that you’re still on track.
7. Take Your Required Minimum Distribution. If you are 72 or above, you may be required to withdraw a minimum amount from your retirement account. Our advisors are available to discuss options that may exist for you, such as transferring stock from your IRA in lieu of a cash distribution in order to remain invested.
8. Consider a Qualified Charitable Distribution. If you do not plan on needing your RMD for living expenses and are charitably inclined, a great alternative is the qualified charitable distribution (QCD). You may contribute all or some of your RMD to a qualified public charity and avoid paying tax on the distribution.
9. Spend Flexible Spending Account dollars: Unused funds in FSAs are typically forfeited at year end, so be sure to use the funds for eligible health and medical expenses by December 31st. Some plans my not follow the calendar year, so check with your plan to confirm deadlines.
10. Contribute to a 529. In 2022, under the gift tax exclusion rules, you can contribute up to $16,000 tax free per donor to a child, relative, or a friend’s 529 account. However, gifts over $16,000 must be reported on a federal gift tax return. The contribution and potential tax benefits vary by state, but for most states, December 31st is the deadline.